If you want to visit Portugal for a short period of time (and you are from one of the visa-required countries) you will have to apply for a Portugal Schengen Visa. You can get a Portugal Schengen Visa for short-term visits, such as for tourism, business, family visit, etc.
If you want to go to Portugal for a longer period of time (e.g. if you will work or study there), then you need a Portugal National Visa, not the Schengen Visa. Depending on the purpose of your travel to Portugal, there are different types of visas that will apply to the occasion. Whether you are planning to go on a visit, study or work and reside in Portugal permanently, you will have to apply for a different Portuguese Schengen Visa, accordingly.
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Portugal is part of the Schengen Area, one can apply for the Portuguese Schengen Visa since 1995 when Portugal as an EU Country State also became a member state of the Schengen Area, along with 25 other European countries. These countries have established free travel within their borders and have a common visa, known as the Schengen Visa. This means that if you get a visa for any Schengen country, such as Portugal, you can travel to the other countries in the Schengen Agreement as well.
If you are not an European Union (EU) /European Economic Area ( EEA ) or Swiss citizen, then you need to apply for a visa to be allowed to work in Portugal. If you are from the EU/EEA or Switzerland, then you can work without a visa, but you have to get a Residence Certificate if you intend to live in Portugal for longer than three months.
Non-EU nationals who want to work in Portugal will have to apply for a Portugal Work Visa. To be eligible for a Portuguese work visa:
You must have a job offer from an employer in Portugal
Your employer must apply for a Work Permit on your behalf.
The job opening must have been posted for at least one month, so the relevant authorities can ensure that a Portuguese or EU citizen could not have filled the position instead.
They submit the application to the Portuguese Labour Authorities.
If you will be involved in a cultural activity carried out in Portugal, in a project which is recognized by the relevant Portuguese authorities.
You must have a job offer in one of the qualifying professions— working in high-ranking or administrative positions in a company.
If you own a business or offer services you can apply for a self-employment visa in Portugal as an independent worker.
You are eligible for this visa if you have a job offer from an educational or vocational training institution or from a research centre in Portugal.
You can apply for this type of work visa if you are employed by a company that is “active in the area of technology and innovation”.
If you have exceptional qualifications in your profession and are paid at least 1.5 times the national average gross annual salary of Portugal
Yes, if you are joining a family member who lives in Portugal, then you are allowed to work and study. You may have to seek authorization for work, however, so you should contact the SEF.
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When you apply for a work visa, you will receive a residence permit which allows you to live and work in Portugal for one to two years. After 1-2 years, you can renew this permit at the SEF before it expires, as long as you still have a job offer from your employer.
Then, you can continue to live and work in Portugal for the duration that the residence permit is issued. Five years later, you can apply for permanent residency.
Yes, after you have lived in Portugal for five years using a temporary resident permit, then you can apply for a permanent resident permit. Once you become a permanent resident, you will be open to the job market and no longer need to apply for a work permit.
Permanent resident permits also have a longer duration, are more easily renewed, and you will enjoy similar benefits to a Portuguese citizen.
Yes, if you have lived in Portugal as a permanent or temporary resident for at least six years, then you can apply for Portuguese citizenship.
You must be proficient in the Portuguese language and have links to the Portuguese community.
Yes, international students are allowed to work in Portugal. The permitted hours of work depend on your nationality: